1.put down 放下 shut down 把…关上cut down砍掉come down下来、落下slow down 减缓、放慢sit down坐下write down写下get down下来,降落

2.after all毕竟。终究after that于是、然后day after day日复一日地one afteranother相继、挨次soon after不久以后the day after tomorrow后天

3.come up with找到、提出catch up with赶上wake up弄醒、醒来send up发射open up开设、开办grow up长大pick up拾起、捡起hands up举手eat up吃光clean up打扫干净give up doing sth=stop doing sth放弃做某事

4.arrive at/in + n到达get to +n到达reach + n到达arrive / get+adv到达

5.get…back退还、送回去、取回give back归还come back回来at the back of在…的后面on the way(back)home在回家路上

6.at least至少at breakfast早餐时at desk在桌前at once立刻,马上at school在上学at the sametime同时at work在工作be good at=do well in 善长laugh at嘲笑not…at all一点也不at first起初at night在晚上at noon中午.at the age of // when sb was…years old 在…岁时at last / in the end /finally 最后、终于at the beginning of thetwenty-first century在21世纪初.at the end of 在…终点、结尾at the moment // now现在at the footof在…脚下at Christmas在圣诞节at any moment任何时候at times(sometimes)有时,偶尔at the doctor’s在医务室be bad at不擅长

7.for example例如for ever永远be good for对…有益be bad for对…有害for long=for a long time长期for short 简称be short for是…的简称TV is short for“television”

8.come true实现come down下来come from=be from来自,出生于come in/into进入、进来come on赶快come over过来come along走吧,过来,快点,come and go来来去去come up上来come out出来、(花)开、(照片)冲洗出来

9.eventhough=even if即使、虽然、尽管

10.be pleased with对…感到满意be covered with被…覆盖be expected to do sth被期望做某事be proud of以…自豪speak highly of 称赞be afraid of害怕hear of听说(hear from sb收到某人的来信)ofcause=certainly当然可以plenty of= a lot of许多

11.by the way顺便说by oneself单独,独自by the end of到…为至by the time(引起时间状语从句)到…的时候one by one依次by air /plane乘飞机by bus / train / car乘公共汽车/火车/轿车(catch a bus赶公交车get on / offthe bus上/下车take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去)

12.do / try one’s best尽力do one’shomework做家庭作业do (the/some) shopping购物do the cooking烹饪do somecleaning打扫do the / some washing洗衣服do sport做运动do with sb /sth.处理well done干得好

13.early inthe morning一大早in the early spring初春in my early days我幼年时期early bus早班车

14.make a contribution to贡献给、捐献make atelephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call // phone sb给某人打电话connect…to…把…与…连接起来be close to靠近(某地)give birth to生(孩子)lose to sb输给sb 

15.either…or…或者…或者..on either side of the street街道任何一边(on each sideof the street街道每一边on both sides of thestreet街道两边)

16.keep doing sth不停地做某事(表示状态继续)keep on doingsth 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)practisedoing sth练习做某事enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事finish doing sth做完某事go on doingsth继续做某事(同一件事)

17.go on to do sth接着做某事(另一事)go straightalong 沿着…一直往前走go down下降go for a walk散步go over复习go shopping买东西go to the cinema去看电影go well进展顺利go off to动身前往go out外出go to work去上班go up上升want a go想试一试

18.think about考虑(think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over仔细考虑 think out想出)talk about谈论worry about担心How / What about…?…怎么样?

19.borrow…from …从…借…(lend…to…把…借给…)from door to door挨家挨户from time totime时时from now on从今以后from then on从那以后, be differentfrom与…不同learn…from…向…学习

20.getdressed穿衣get into进入get / be lost丢失get off / on下/上车get on well with sb与某人相处得好get out of从…出来get ready for +n为…做准备, get ready to do sth准备做某事get / go tosleep(fall asleep)入睡(be asleep睡着)get warm 变暧get well=get a chance有机会、得到机会



21.look for 寻找wait for等候look after=take care of照看look like看起来像look over检查,复习look out小心从里向外看look the same看起来一样look up向上看、查单词look around环视look forwardto期望look through温习、检查

22.set off 出发、动身put off 推迟keep off 避开、不靠近… drop off放下(某物)turn off关jump off跳离take off脱(衣)、(飞机)起飞 

23.half a kilo半千克half an hour半小时in half分成两半half of theday半天

24.do eye exercises做眼保健操do morningexercises做早操take (more) exercise(多)参加体育锻炼an exercise book练习本

25.take partin参加hand in上交in hospital住院in surprise吃惊地in the sun在阳光下in trouble处于困境in a minute / moment马上

26.leave for…动身去某地

27.feed on 以…为主食live on继续活着base on以…为根据carry on坚持、继续下去and so on 等等on the otherhand另一方面on foot步行 28.be famous for以…著名be excited about +n./V-ing对…感到兴奋be interested in 对…感兴趣be born出生be busy withsth— be busy doing sth忙于…be amazed at对…感到惊讶

29.move away移开move to(搬)移到

30.search the Internet上网

31.make sure 确信make adialogue编对话make a mistake犯错误(by mistake由于疏忽) make a noise吵闹make faces做鬼脸make friends (with)和…交朋友make room for给…让地方make tea沏茶make money赚钱make a decision作出决定

32.used to do sth过去常常做某事be used todoing sth习惯于做某事

33.leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”

34.forget todo sth忘记做某事encourage sb.to do sth.鼓励某人做某事decide to do sth.决定做某事allow sb.todo sth.允许某人做某事

35.hear sb.to do(doing)sth.听见某人做某事

36.help sb.(to) do sth .//help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事with one’shelp在某人的帮助下with pleasure乐意

37.the summer holiday(s)暑假 the winter holiday(s)寒假

38.step into走进 pour into倒入…

39.in the first第一for the firsttime第一次at first起初a firs t language母语first of all首先

40.leave a message for sb给某人留条give / takesb. a message给某人捎口信

41.take photos / pictures 照像take away拿走take out取出(work out算出) take care当心take medicine服药 take one’s temperature量体温take one’s time别着急take a walk散步take place发生

42. learn by oneself / teach oneself自学learn by heart背熟

43.a year and a half (one and ahalf years )一年半

44.have a try尝试、努力try out尝试、试验find out / about找出,查明have a good /wonderful / great / time玩得开心have a (bad) cold(重)感冒have a meeting / walk / watch开会/散步/比赛have sports进行体育活动have nothing / sth.to do with与…无(有)关have no idea不知道have(one’s) medicine服药

45.offer sb sth给某人提供某物

46.win first prize获一等奖

47.all over the world= around the world =throughout the world全世界

48.all kinds of 各种各样的

49.neither… nor 既不…也不…。

50.not only … but also …不但…而且 both… and ……和…都

51.the more …. the better 越多越好

52.all one’s life 一生

53.as soon as 一…就… as soon as possible尽可能早地、尽快as well = too也as much as至多as little as至少regard …as 把…当作…as if 好像

54.no matter 无论…

55.ever since 从那以后,此后一直

56.so far 到目前为止, or so大约

57.another two hours (=two morehours )又(再) 2个小时

58.three times a week一周三次

59.the number of…的数量 a(large / good)number of /large numbers of / many许多

60.less than少于less and less越来越少

61. …is another way of saying…什么是…的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast Bike is short for bicycle。


63.be like像 feel like +n./V-ing想要like best最喜欢would like to想要

64.the 24 hour clock 24小时制

65.wash away冲走run away逃跑take away带走

66.before long不久long before /ago很久以前for long =for a longtime长期no longer = not…anylonger不再

67.more or less = about或多或少、大约more than =over多于、超过

68.every year每年 every fouryears每隔四年every other day每隔一天everyday English / life日常英语/生活

69.next to紧挨着next door隔壁、邻居next year明年next time下次

70.receive / get / have a letter from sb= hear from sb 收到某人的来信

71.on show = on display展览

72.be filled with / be full of充满…

73.thank to =because of由于

74.some day =one day(将来)某一天all day终日day and night日日夜夜in a day ortwo一两天内 in the old days从前、旧社会from day to day(day after day)日复一日the day before yesterday前天the day aftertomorrow后天Tree Planting Day植树节Women’s Day 妇女节

75.keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth防止(阻止)…做某事stop to do sth停下来去做某事stop doingsth停止做某事

76.nice and +adj= very +adj很,非常

77.a place(places) of interest 名胜

78.three quarters of the information on the Internet因特网上四分之三的信息two thirds of the books三分之二的书

79.credit card信用卡

80.theincreasing population增长着的人口

81.a path of travel旅行路线

82.point at / to指向

83.by sea = by ship乘船by the sea =on the sea在海边at sea在海上

84. set one’smind to do sth一心想做某事


86.See you再见 You see你知道、你明白、你瞧Let me see让我想想, see sb…off给某人送行see a / the doctor看病see sbdo /doing sth看见某人做某事

87.some…others一些(人,物)…其他(人,物) one…another一个..另一个(三者或以上) one…the other一个…另一个(总数二个)

88.be worn out穿旧,磨坏check out核实,检查write out写出take sth…outof从…拿出/取出某物

89.in this way用这种方法in a fewyear’s time几年以后in space在太空in and out of class在课内课外in the lastfifteen minutes在最后十五分钟里in the secondhalf 在下半场later in one’s life在某人后半身in the air在空中in the openair在户外

90.give sb….an injection给某人打针get aninjection打针

91.have been to去过某地have gone to到某地去了

92.here + be+ 名词+ for+某人( Here is a letter foryou.这儿有你的一封信。)

93.be far behind +某人(He is far behind others.他落后于别人)

94.one of + adj最高级+复数名词

95.take +某物+with +某人(You’d better take anumbrella with you你最好带上雨伞)

96.prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢prefer +V-ing (to do sth)( I prefer doing (to do) it myself 我喜欢自己做那件事)Would / should等情态动词 + prefer +不定式(I would prefer to do it myself我宁愿自己做那件事)prefer +名词(v-ing)+ to+名词(v-ing)(I prefer learning English to playing football。我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球)prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than+ 不带to的不定式(I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus。我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车)prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth(We prefer her not to come我们宁愿她不来)

97.人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth(I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework。我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业)人 + spend +time(money)+ on +名词(He spent 1,000 on the TV set他花了一千元买电视机)人 + pay +money +for +sth( He paid ten yuan forthe book 。他花了10元钱买那本书) It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb + time (money) + to do sth(It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus乘车去那里只花你10分钟)物+ cost +(sb)+ money(The dictionary cost me 20 yuan我花20元钱买了那本词典)

98.do with + sb/ sth(What have youdone with the pork ?那些肉你怎么处理了?)

99.mind + if 从句(Do you mindif I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + V-ing(Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)

100.what…for? / why…?(What do you learn English for? = Why do youlearn English?)

101.need + 名词(v-ing)(The students need somehelp学生们需要帮助。This pair of shoes needsmending这双鞋需要修理)

102.“be used for+ 名词(v-ing)”被用来做… (A writing brush is used for writing) “be used as+名词” 被作为…使用(English is used as the first language in none of these countries) “be used by+动作执行者” 被…使用,

103.be made of 由…制造(This table is made of wood 这张课桌是木制的) be made from由…制成(This kind of paper is made from wood 这种纸是用木材制成的) be made in+地点 “某地制造”(These cars are made inGermany) be made by+人 “由谁制造的” (This kite is made by Kate)

104.more developed countries发达国家lessdeveloped countries不发达国家developing countries发展中国家

105.be worth + money (V-ing)值…钱,值得做…This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读

106.the Summer Palace颐和园Tian’anmenSquare天安门广场the Palace Museum故宫the Great Hall of the People人民大会堂the Temple ofHeaven天坛the Great Green Wall绿色长城PLA中国人民解放军PRC中华人民共和国the Party中国共产党the League共青团Peking Opera京剧

107.a digital camera数字照相机a doctor foranimals = an animal doctor动物医生

108.so + 形/副+that 从句(The place isso cold that nothing can grow in winter这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长)so + many /few+ 复数名词 +that从句(He has so many booksthat I don’t know which one to borrow他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本) so + much /little+ 不可数名词+that从句(She has so little moneythat she can’t buy anything她钱太少,什么也买不到)so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句(This is so good a bookthat all of us like reading it )such +a / an+形容词+单数名词+ that从句(This is such an interesting story that all of us like it)such +形容词+复数名词+that从句such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句(It is such fine weather today that many children are playingoutside)

109.tell sb about sth告诉某人关于某事 tell sb+从句tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事tell a lie说谎 tell a story讲故事thank you for+n./V-ing 谢谢你… too + adj./ adv.+ to +v.太…而不能too much(修饰名词)太多、过分much too(修饰adj./adv.)太

110.hope / wish+不定式(或从句)wish sb.to dosth. What do you mean by…?= What does…mean?…是什么意思?